Instalación cables submarinos

1924

Tendido cables Algeciras-Ceuta

The year it all began, Spain was embracing the arrival of air transport, the Metro and football as we know it.

The birth of the Compañía Telefónica Nacional de España coincided with the timid but inexorable modernisation of the country.

The adventure begins

01

Telephony was already almost half a century old when the seeds of the Compañía Telefónica Nacional de España were sown in Madrid on a Holy Saturday in 1924. It is the first clear attempt to organise in our country that revolutionary service which consisted of speaking at a distance and which several small companies, which were then integrated into the CTNE, had tried to set up. The determination of the American company ITT - embodied in two brothers as enterprising as they are audacious, Hernand and Sosthenes Behn -, the confidence of some initial investors - such as Banco Urquijo and Banco Hispanoamericano - and that little bit of luck that is always needed to undertake something big, resulted in a company with American shareholders but clearly Spanish and which, from then until today, has been focused on talent, commitment, innovation and anticipation.

Empieza la aventura

The first chairman

02

Estanislao de Urquijo y Ussía is the first chairman of Telefónica and will be so for 21 years. The Marqués de Urquijo was linked to the family of one of the first Spanish banks to finance CTNE and during his years in office the company went from being a dream to a key company for Spain.

Estanislao de Urquijo y Ussía primer presidente

The million pesetas company

03

CTNE is founded with a modest capital of one million pesetas (about 6,000 euros at the exchange rate, without taking inflation into account, of course) divided into 2,000 shares of 500 pesetas each (3 euros), and that same month of August it undertakes, by means of a contract with the State, to extend telephony throughout the country and to maintain all the jobs.

Escritura de Contrata

Cables under the sea

04

Networks begin to be laid, cities begin to be connected, and even a submarine cable is deployed between Europe and Africa - Algeciras and Ceuta - which made it possible, in 1924, to communicate with Tetouan during the war in Morocco. It was just the beginning of an exciting adventure. From a huge journey.

Cable submarino entre Algeciras y Ceuta

Conectando dos continentes por telefono

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